Cross-sectional study for assessment of fish consumption in terms of the level of physical activity and perception of quality of life in volunteers in Brazil and Portugal
Erika da Silva Maciel, Jaqueline Girnos Sonati, Denis Marcelo Modeneze, Fernando Rodrigues Peixoto Quaresma, Marília Oetterer, Roberto Vilarta
Background: A healthier lifestyle, with the promotion of physical activity and healthy diets, has supported studies on the possible relationship of daily choices for food consumption and practices of physical activities, this research aimed to evaluate the relationship between the frequency of fish consumption, the level of physical activity and domains of quality of life in the voluntaries from the Brazil and Portugal.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional delineation study through a survey conducted via the Internet, the volunteers responded to a structured survey about fish consumption, the perception of quality of life was evaluated with WHOQOL-bref and the level physical activity with International Physical Activity Questionnaire all instruments available through the online system SurveyMonkey.For data analysis, the criterion adopted was the situation of the subjects who reported consuming fish at least once a week (Group 1) or less than once a week or who did not consume fish (Group 2).As a non-parametric test, the Mann-Whitney test was used For the comparison of average values of variables.
Results: The criterion adopted was the situation of the subjects who reported consuming fish at least once a week (Group 1, n = 417) or less than once a week or who did not consume fish (Group 2, n = 527).The results showed significant statistical differences between the consumption groups in all variables considered The values for the mean and sum of ranks show that Group1, formed by volunteers with higher fish consumption, presents higher values in all variables, indicating that more frequent fish consumers have a more active lifestyle and better perception of quality of life in both countries.
Conclusions: The results suggest the fish consumption appears to be associated to more active and better perception of quality of life, regardless of geographical location, so is so important actions encouraging the consumption of healthier foods, like a fish, and regular physical activities in worldwide.